In Preparation


e-project with Sandrine Kott (University of Geneva): The History of International Organizations and their Development Programmes in Historical Perspective, tentative title(editor and author)




Night on Earth - Humanitarian Organizations’ Relief and Rehabilitation Programmes on Behalf of Civilian Populations (1918-1939). (single-authored monograph under contract with Cambridge University Press, 2020)




The League of Nations’ Work on Social Issues, author and editor, with Liat Kozma and Magaly Rodriguez, New York, United Nations Press, 2016.


Humanitarian Photography: a History, author and editor with Heide Fehrenbach, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015; paperback 2016.


Shaping the Transnational Sphere: Networks of Expert and Organizations in the Long Nineteenth Century, author and editor with Bernard Struck and Jakob Vogel, New York, Berghahn Books, 2014.


Ideas and Identities: Theory and Practice in the Twentieth Century, editor and co-authored withJaci Eisenberg, Bern, Peter Langs, 2014.


Contro il Massacro. Gli Interventi Umanitari nella Politica Europea, 1815-1914, Laterza, Rome, 2012.


Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire (1815-1914), Princeton University Press – Series: Human Rights and Crimes Against Humanity, Princeton, 2011, paperback, 2015.


Fascism’s European Empire, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2006.  


Il nuovo ordine mediterraneo. Le politiche d’occupazione dell’Italia fascista in Europa 1940-1943, Bollati Boringhieri, Turin, 2003. 



Journals’ Special Issues (as editor and author)




Foreign War Volunteers in the Twentieth Century, editor with Nir Arielli, special issue of the Journal of Modern European History, 14, 3, 2016.


Forced displacement of civilian population in Europe 1939-1947, editor with Michael Wedekind, Storia & Regione /Geschichte und Region, Bozen, 2010.






Articles in peer reviewed journals 


In Preparation


‘American Missionaries working for the Near East Relief, 1915-1925,British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 2020.


‘Relief and Reconstructive humanitarian work of the American Red Cross in Jerusalem and Palestine 1917-1919’, Journal of Migration HistorySpecial issue tentatively entitled Refugeedom and the Making of the Middle East” and below you will find the list of participants who agreed to contribute, first issue 2020.








‘ “A Horrific Photo of a Drowned Child”. Humanitarian Photography and NGO Media Strategies in Historical Persepctive’, with Heide Fehrenbach, International Review of the Red Cross, 2016, 1-35. (14,000 words long)  


‘Transnational Encounters on the Receiving End: Hosting and Remembering Twentieth-Century Foreign War Volunteers’, with Nir Arielli, Jounral of Modern European History, 14, 3, 2016, 315-320. 


‘L’Italie fasciste, puissance occupante en Europe’ Revue d’Histoire de la Shoah – numéro special l’Italie et la Shoah, edited by Laura Fontana et Georges Bensoussan, 204, 1, 2016, 275-298. 


‘The Ottoman Empire, the Issue of Interventions upon Grounds of Humanity, and Western European legal scholars during the nineteenth century’, Journal of the History of International Law, special issue, edited by Umut Ozsu and Thomas Skouteris, International Legal History of the Ottoman Empire, 2015, 5-41. (14,000 words long)


‘Beyond Releif : A Sketch of the Near East Relief’s Humanitarian Operations, 1918-1929’, Monde(s), n.6, special issue, Philanthropies, October 2014, 45-64.


‘The Dilemmas of the International Committee of the International Committee of the Red Cross Humanitarian Politics in Asia Minor and Greece in the early 1920s’, the First World War Studies, Special Issue, Humanitarianism and Humanitarian Aid, 1914-24, 2014, 83-99.


‘Introduction’, co-écrite avec Maurice Vaïsse et Matthias Schulz, Organisations internationales et ONG : coopération, complémentarité et rivalité de 1919 à nos jours’,Relations Internationales,December 2012.


‘Humanitarian Interventions during the nineteenth century: an overview’, Quaderni di Relazioni Internazionali, 2011, n.15.


‘Le nouvel ordre fasciste en Méditerranée, 1940-1943 : présupposés idéologiques, visions et velléités’, Revue d'Histoire moderne et contemporaine,numéro spécial consacré au fascisme italien, 2008, vol. 55, n.3, 138-158.


‘Réflexions liminaires à propos des Interventions Humanitaires des Puissances Européennes au Dix-neuvième Siècle’, Relations Internationales, n.131, 2007, 9-27.


‘La politique des occupants italiens à l’égard des Juifs en France métropolitaine. Humanisme ou pragmatisme ?’, Vingtième Siècle, n.93, January – March  2007, 63-78.


‘Italiani Brava Gente? Italian Policy Toward the Jews of the Balkans’, European History Quarterly, 35/2 2005, 231-240. 


‘Il profilo progettuale e le finalità complessive delle politiche d’occupazione del fascismo in Europa’. Contemporanea, vol.VII, n.2, 2005, 311-336.


‘Italian Soldiers in the Balkans. The Experience of the Occupation (1940-1943)’, Journal of Southern Europe and the Balkans, August 2004, vol. 6, iss. 2, 125-144. 


‘Les conquérants fascistes et l’espace vital’, Relations Internationales, n.110, 2002, 163-180.


‘Le repressioni italiane nei territori occupati tra il 1940 e il 1943’, Qualestoria, XXX, n.1, 2002, 45 –85.


Chapters in peer reviewed edited volumes




‘Certainty, Compassion and the Ingrained Arrogance of Humanitarianism; Is continuity preeminent over change?’, The Red Cross Movement: Re-evaluating and Re-Imagining the History of Humanitarianism, edited by James Crossland, Melanie Oppenheim and Neville Wylie, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2019).





‘Naufragés et Rescapés, Fantômes et Statues, Oubliés et Oublis dans les Archives des Institutions Humanitaires’, Normer l’Oubli, edited by Isabelle Schulte-Tenckhoff and Vincent Negri (Paris: PUF/ Institut de recherche juridique de la Sorbonne, collection « Les voies du droit »), 2018, 245-257.


‘Les Italiens, de gentils occupants’, Les Mythes de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, tome II, edited by Olivier Wieviorka et Jean Lopez, (Paris: Perrin, 2017), 183-198.


‘Nineteenth-century interventions d’humanity and the issue of responsibility’, International Responsibility. Essays in Law, History and Philosophy, edited by Samantha Besson,(Geneve: Editions Schulthess, 2017), 140-155.


‘International fellowship programmes for public health development. The Rockefeller Foundation, UNRRA, and WHO, 1920s – 1970s’.  with  Yitang Lin and Thomas David, Global Mobility:Exchange Programs, Scholarships and Fellowships, edited by Giles Scott Smith and Ludovic Tournès, (New York: Berghahn Books, 2017), 33-52.


‘Humanitarian Interventions in Historical Perspective’, Oxford Handbook on the Responsibility to Protect, edited by Alex Bellamy and Tim Dunne, Oxford, Oxford University Press 2015, 19-37.


‘The Near East Relief humanitarian politics and practices in the aftermath of the First World War’, The Emergence of Humanitarian Intervention, edited by Fabian Klose, Cambridge University Press, 2015.


‘Relief and Reconstruction programs in Greece, 1922-1925’ (in collaboration with Francesca Piana and Shaloma Gauthier), Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid in the Twentieth Century, edited by Johannes Paulmann, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016, 147-170.


‘Wartime occupation by Italy’, (Chapter 2, Part C.) Occupation, Collaboration, Resistance and Liberation in The Cambridge History of the Second World War, edited by Richard Bosworth and Joe Maiolo, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015.


‘What Does Transnational History Tell Us about a World with International Organizations? The Palgrave Dictionary of Transnational History and the League of Nations Search Engine’, with Shaloma Gauthier and Francesca Piana, Routledge Handbook of International Organizations, Routledge, London, 2013.


‘Die Faschistische Neue Ordnung und die Politischökonomische Umgestaltung des Mittelmeeraums 1940 bis 1943’, Die Achse im Krieg Politik, Ideologie und Kriegfürung 1939-1945, Lutz Klinkhammer and Amedeo Osti Guerrazzi, Ferdinand Schöningh, Zürich, 2102, 211-230.


‘The European Powers’ intervention in Ottoman Lebanon and Syria (1860-61); and


‘The European Powers’ unarmed intervention in Ottoman Macedonia (1903-08), Towards a History of Humanitarian Interventions, edited by Brendan Simms and David Trim, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2010.


‘L’Italia Paese Occupante’, in Storia della Shoah in Italia, edited by Marie-Anne Bonucci, Marcello Flores, Simon Levis Sullam, Enzo Traverso, UTET, Turin, 2009.


‘Fascism and War’, Handbook on Fascism, edited by Richard Bosworth, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008, Chapter 13, pp.239-258.


‘Sogni di conquista e realtà delle occupazioni fasciste in Europe, 1940-1943’, Le Guerre de Novecento, edited by Gabriella Gribaudi, Napoli, L’Ancora del Mediterraneo, 2007, 113-123.


‘Fascist imperial conquest in the Mare Nostrum’; and - 


‘Fascist Italy occupation of Greece’, Greece during the Second World War, edited by Christos Hadjiossif, Athens, Bibliorama, vol. 1, 2007(in Greek), 49-68, and 69-100. 


‘Répression et représailles dans les territoires européens occupés par l'Italie Fasciste entre 1941 et 1943: buts et méthodes’ in La Répression en France, 1940-1945; Jean-Luc Leleu (ed); Centre de Recherche d'Histoire Quantitative, 2007, 13-30.


‘Le grandi Potenze e gli ‘interventi umanitari’ nell’Impero Ottomano: una riconsiderazione del caso greco, 1821-1829’, Schegge d'impero, pezzi d'Europa, Fortune e dilemmi degli stati post-ottomani, 1804-1923, Marco Dogo (ed); Libreria Editrice Goriziana, 2006, 57-100.


‘La Campagna di Grecia’, ‘La Battaglia di Cefalonia’ ‘L’Internazionale Fascista’ (entries), in Dizionario del Fascismo, edited by Victoria De Grazia and Sergio Luzzatto Turin, Einaudi, 2002. 









Simon Levi Sullam, I Carnefici Italiani. Scene dal genocidio degli ebrei, 1945-1945, Milano, Feltrinelli, 2015, SISSCO – Cantieri di Storia, Summer 2016.


Marco Clementi, Camicie Nere sull’Acropoli, Rome, Derive Approdi, 2013, Ricerche di Storia Politica, 2- 2015.


Michelle Tusan, Smyrna’s Ashes, University of California Press, 2012, Journal of Modern History, 86, 3, 2014, 673-675.


Luca Fenoglio, Angelo Donati e le “questione ebraica” nella Francia occupatadall’esercito italiano”, Zamorani, 2013, Quest. Issues in Contemrporary Jewish History. Journal of Fondazione CDEC,   


Yann Bouyrat, Devoir d’Intervenir? L’Expédition ‘humanitaire’ de la France au Liban, 1860, Vendémiaire, 2013, Relations Internationales, 2014.


Michael Barnett, The Empire of Humanity. A History of Humanitairanism, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 2011, in Journal of International Organisation Studies, n.1, 2012.


Massimo Borgogni, Tra Continuità e Incertezza. Italia e Albania (1914-1939). La Strategia Politico-Militare dell’Italia in Albania fino all’Operazione “Oltre Mare Tirana”, Franco Angeli, Milano, 2007, pp.412.Il Mestiere di Storico (Annale SISSCO), n. IX – October 2008. 


Jews in Italy under Fascist and Nazi Rule, edited by Joshua Zimmerman, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2005, in European History Quarterly, 38, 1, 2008.


Friedländer S., L’Allemagne Nazie et les Juifs, tome 1, in ‘Relations Internationales’, décembre 1998.


Di Nolfo E., Le paure e le speranze degli italiani. La Repubblica italiana dal crollo del fascismo al crollo della Democrazia Cristiana, in Vingtième Siècle, mars-avril 1997.



Public Outreach, Articles in Newspapers and participation to documentaries


Public Conference with Don McCullin, Irreconcilable Truths: a Photojournalist and Exceptional Truths, in collaboration with Le Temps, 24 April 2017.


Interview of the Radio Suisse Romande on sending humanitarian aid to Somalia, the initiative of a ‘youtuber’:



Interview of the Radio Suisse Romande on Fascism’s European Empire and military occupations during the Second World War, Histoire Vivante, January 2017. Broadcast in February 2017.


The Responsibility to Protect Core Group in Geneva, the Permanent Mission of Australia, Ghana, Hungary, Nigerai, Rwanda and Uruguay, with the support of the UN Office in Geneva, 10thAnniversary of the R2P, Implementing R2P in the Geneva Context – a Focus on Prevention, 19 November 2015.


Background interview with journalist Katie Engelhart, on the Second World War reparation claims the Greek government put forward in early April 2015.


Introduction to the documentary “Smyrna” by Maria Iliou, University of Geneva, 23 January 2014.


Interview on BBC Radio on International Geneva, January 2014


‘L’enquête du délégué du CICR qui déjoua un mensonge historique’, La Cité, du 28 Octobre au 11 Novembre 2011, pp.14-17.


1943. Le temps d’un répit, (documentary film) director André Waksman, France, 2009, 52 minutes.




Co-author (with Felix Ohnmacht) of Documenting the experience of the Joint Special Envoy of the United Nations and League of Arab States in Syria (February-August 2012). Kofi Annan Foundation, Confidential Report, unpublished, 150 pages.


‘Public – Private interfaces and business environmentInteractions and Barriers to Development and Modernization’ in Lithuania: Readiness for European Union Integration’– Report, Country Economic Memorandum, The World Bank, 2002 (available on-line).   

updated early 2019

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